Minor Cuts, Grazes and Sprains
Minor Cuts and Grazes
Wash the wound thoroughly with water and a little soap.
To stop bleeding apply a clean handkerchief or dressing firmly to the wound for about five minutes. Cover with a clean, dry dressing.
Firstly apply a cold compress, containing ice if possible, for 15 to 30 minutes. A bag of frozen peas is ideal for this. This will reduce blood flow to the sprained area and, therefore, minimise bruising and subsequent swelling. Apply, firmly, a crepe bandage and give the sprain plenty of rest until the discomfort has subsided.
If possible, keep the sprained joint raised. This will make it more comfortable and less swollen.